Plans for Building a Chicken Egg Incubator
Building a chicken egg incubator can be an easy and fun activity, something that can provide you with a safe growing environment for your eggs. However, making the right chicken egg incubator takes a little bit of planning as well. You will want to make sure that you consider all of your needs, including how many eggs you have, how much time you will want to spend to hatch them, and the budget that you have available. Fortunately, with a few basic materials, you will find that it can be very easy to make the right incubators for your future chicks.
Before you begin working on your chicken egg incubators, it is important to understand a few guidelines when it comes to your eggs. One of the most important things that you will want to monitor is the temperature inside of the incubator. Having a device to keep up with the humidity inside is vital as well. Both of these things need to be carefully monitored in order to ensure that your eggs have the ideal environment to grow in. Fortunately, an ideal level of humidity and temperature can be achieved by making the simple incubator out of styrofoam materials.
Ideally, the optimal temperature for you to keep your eggs at is between ninety eight and one hundred and one Fahrenheit, with 98.5 being the absolute ideal. Humidity can vary between fifty five and seventy percent as well. With the right setup, it usually takes eggs about twenty one days to hatch, depending on the distribution of heat in the incubator. For the first eighteen days, you need to carefully monitor the incubator and the conditions within. Gently rotate your eggs a quarter to a half turn roughly three times every day for that period. During the last three days of the incubation process, do not rotate them. Do not wash the eggs before you put them in there either as well, leave them exactly as they are in order to ensure that no outside influences can harm them during their incubation period. Keep this information in mind before you get started on making the incubator itself, as it will be critical to know throughout the process.
There are several materials that you will need to assemble in order to create your incubator. Fortunately, all of the materials are very easy to acquire and can provide you with everything that you need to keep the internal conditions regular and well maintained. You will need a styrofoam cooler, or a plastic one if you can cut holes in it, a wall picture frame set with plastic or glass, a single twenty five watt lightbulb, a lamp that you can fit the bulb into, a roll of duct tape, a digital humidity reader and thermometer, a small sponge and bowl, some chicken wire, and the chicken eggs.
The first thing that you need to make is the observation window. This is relatively easy, as all that you need to do is take the clear surface from your frame and place it into a square hole that you made on the cover of the cooler, chosen for its size. Cut the square hole at least one inch smaller on every side in order to make sure that the glass does not fall through. Tape it down with duct tape for additional security. Once you are done, install the bulb by cutting a hole in the cooler, inserting the socket, and then screwing on the bulb. Secure this with duct tape as well.
The flat part on the cooler’s left is where the thermometers, egg, and water will go. Install this above the bottom of the cooler by an inch or so. This will help keep your chicks clean when they leave their droppings. Make sure that your bulb is secure and does not come win contact with anything, as it can cause unnecessary heat, or a potential fire. Place your sponge and waterbowl in when you are ready, and fill it halfway with water with your thermometer. Once you are done, simply put the cover on and carefully monitor your chicks in your chicken egg incubator, adjusting the settings appropriately to make sure that the temperature and humidity levels are correct and safe for your eggs. Keep them in a clutch and watch them carefully, and after the incubation period, you will be ready to take care of your newborn chicks.